Founded as Greek colony and named Zancle, Messina, thanks to the dimension and importance got during time, contended to Palermo the role of state capital of Sicily between the late Medioevo and the middle of XVII century. In 1908 an huge earthquake almost destroyed the city and drastically reduced the population, with an huge amount of victims – approximately 70,000. Messina is the port with the most passengers transiting in Italy. The strategical importance of its port is due to the sailing of the strict of Messina and the frequent ferries from and to Calabria; it is also important for goods transit from and to Italy. Port of Messina departures and arrivals: Salerno and Reggio Calabria (Villa S. Giovanni). The sailing companies operating sailings from and to Messina is Caronte & Tourist.